IPC Systems Ltd. - APPLICATION
Load Cell and Vehicle Jack Testing.
Tyres and rims manufactured for today's passenger cars are safer, more reliable, and longer-lived than they have ever been. Although tyres should be examined frequently for damage, they seldom require any serious attention other than a monthly pressure check. But when a tyre does get punctured or damaged and needs quick replacement, many times, vehicle owners rely on a safe and sturdy jack to lift the car. Car jacks are relatively small and require little boot space. But they must be strong and meet certain safety standards, and ensuring that jacks are safe requires extensive load testing.
In order to perform the testing, Bosal International, Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan, a manufacturer of scissors jacks for passenger vehicles, measures the vertical displacement of the jack, the total load, and two-axis torsion moments using a full-size car. The load cell is placed between the jack and the floor, and any twisting moments are recorded as well as the load while the car is raised and lowered. Mechanical engineers can then use the data to validate their paper designs or find areas where the jacks need some rework.
John Herman, the head of the Testing and Development Department at the Bosal R&D centre, initially evaluated several possible data acquisition systems using thermocouples for temperature measurements, and other sensors for measuring engine vacuum. The system had to be capable of measuring and recording four channels of input signals. Herman decided upon the IOtech DaqBook® at that time because it was very flexible with modular upgrades and the easiest to understand and use. Now, Michael Reytsman, Development Engineer, at the R&D centre uses the same DaqBook for the automotive jack test. It connects to the DBK15 signal-conditioning unit, which measures the two channels of torque moments and one vertical load, while the DBK80 is used with the string potentiometer to measure displacement. The load cell is calibrated for a ±10V output with a vertical load range to 2000 lb. and two twisting moments in two axes in the range of 800 in.-lb. The jack's vertical displacement of 0 to 16 in. is measured with a signal of 0 to 5V. The data collected by the DaqBook is initially viewed in DASYLab®, and the data is presented with the Excel XP spreadsheet software for reports. "The DASYLab software is more user-friendly than most professional software designed to do complicated things, along the lines of data acquisition or data analysis," says Reytsman. "It was easy to write my own software routine for the entire jack testing program." The collected data are sent to the design and manufacturing groups for further analysis and archiving. In addition, Reytsman says that the IOtech equipment performs well within its stated accuracy envelope, and proved to be extremely durable. The advantage of the DBK modules is in their ability to handle both a large range of input signals, and a scaled-down range to increase the precision of the measurement.
Future applications for the same DaqBook include measuring thermocouples placed on exhaust systems as well as differential pressure in a flow test stand. "Among the reasons we selected the IOtech DaqBook was its flexibility and uncomplicated, companion signal conditioning modules.
These factors make it a reasonable choice for accurately measuring temperature gradients in exhaust systems and differential pressure in a flow bench as well as displacement, load, and torque for jack testing."
Bosal International selected the IOtech DaqBook data acquisition system for use in their R&D and prototyping labs for testing automotive jacks. The system was preferred over other systems for its durability, flexibility, accuracy, and ease of use. These factors allow it to be used for other applications that are planned; including temperature measurements in exhaust systems and differential pressure in a custom flow test stand.
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IPC Systems Limited
Tel: +44(0) 1905 338989
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